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Department of Cognitive Science

Macquarie Monographs in Cognitive Science

Titles

Delusion and Confabulation

A Special Issue of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry

Edited by Robyn Langdon, and Martha Turner.

Delusion and Confabulation CoverPublished: April 2010
ISBN: 978-1-84872-724-3
Publisher: Psychology Press

People with psychiatric and neurological illness sometimes say and think the most amazing things. They might believe they are dead; claim to see, despite being blind; or "remember" things that never happened. Historical demarcations between academic disciplines dictate that these are distinct clinical phenomena – 'delusion', 'anosognosia' (the delusional denial of illness on some accounts) or 'confabulation'. This Special Issue brings together leading researchers from diverse fields – memory researchers, clinical neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, cognitive scientists and philosophers – to consider the extent to which these different phenomena overlap. Opinions differ. Some researchers use the term confabulation very generally to refer to false claims whether these concern belief or memory. Other researchers advocate an exclusive approach, according to which no symptom could ever qualify as both delusional and confabulatory. Yet others focus on points of similarity and argue that historical discord between psychodynamic and cognitive neuroscientific approaches has obscured similarities with regard the roles of emotion and motivation. Some contributors highlight both difference and similarity; they consider points of overlap – the instances of confabulation which qualify as delusional – or advocate a common monitoring framework to explain all distortions of reality. Despite their differing views, our contributors all share the common aims of clarifying theoretical conceptions, evaluating similarities and differences, and learning more about underlying causal mechanisms so as to advance the cognitive neuropsychiatry of both delusion and confabulation.

Tutorials in Visual Cognition

Edited by: Veronika Coltheart

Tutorials in Visual Cognition CoverPublished: January 2010
ISBN: 978-1-84872-853-0
Publisher: Psychology Press

In the late-1980s, visual cognition was a small subfield of cognitive psychology, and the standard texts mainly discussed just iconic memory in their sections on visual cognition. In the subsequent two decades, and especially very recently, many remarkable new aspects of the processing of brief visual stimuli have been discovered -- change blindness, repetition blindness, the attentional blink, newly-discovered properties of visual short-term memory and of the face recognition system, the influence of reentrant processing on visual perception, and the surprisingly intimate relationships between eyeblinks and visual cognition.
This volume provides up-to-date tutorial reviews of these many new developments in the study of visual cognition written by the leaders in the discipline, providing an incisive and comprehensive survey of research in this dynamic field.

Progressive Language Impairments: Intervention and Management

A Special Issue of Aphasiology

Progressive Language Impairments CoverPublished: March 2009
ISBN: 978-1-84872-701-4
Publisher: Psychology Press
Edited by Lyndsey Nickels, and Karen Croot.

Progressive language impairments comprise a broad range of symptoms of impaired language processing that worsen over time as a result of neurodegenerative disease, and that range from impaired knowledge of the concepts underlying language through reading and writing difficulties to impaired ability to articulate speech.
This volume focuses on intervention for progressive language impairments, providing an overview of current research and including examples of interventions at different levels (e.g., impairment-directed interventions, activity/participation-directed interventions). The aim of this volume is to demonstrate the potential for intervention in these disorders and to overcome any remaining prejudice that intervention is not appropriate for individuals with progressive language impairments.

Delusion and Self-Deception

Affective and Motivational Influences on Belief Formation

Delusion and Self-Deception CoverPublished: December 2008
ISBN: 978-1-84169-470-2
Publisher: Psychology Press
Edited by Tim Bayne, and Jordi Fernández.

This collection of essays focuses on the interface between delusions and self-deception. As pathologies of belief, delusions and self-deception raise many of the same challenges for those seeking to understand them. Are delusions and self-deception entirely distinct phenomena, or might some forms of self-deception also qualify as delusional? To what extent might models of self-deception and delusion share common factors? In what ways do affect and motivation enter into normal belief-formation, and how might they be implicated in self-deception and delusion? The essays in this volume tackle these questions from both empirical and conceptual perspectives. Some contributors focus on the general question of how to locate self-deception and delusion within our taxonomy of psychological states. Some contributors ask whether particular delusions - such as the Capgras delusion or anosognosia for hemiplegia - might be explained by appeal to motivational and affective factors. And some contributors provide general models of motivated reasoning, against which theories of pathological belief-formation might be measured.
The volume will be of interest to cognitive scientists, clinicians, and philosophers interested in the nature of belief and the disturbances to which it is subject.

Speech Production

Models, Phonetic Processes, and Techniques

Speech Production CoverPublished: May 2006
ISBN: 978-1-84169-437-5
Publisher: Psychology Press
Edited by Jonathan Harrington, and Marija Tabain.

Speech Production: Models, Phonetic Processes and Techniques brings together researchers from many different disciplines - computer science, dentistry, engineering, linguistics, phonetics, physiology, psychology - all with a special interest in how speech is produced. From the initial neural program to the end acoustic signal, it provides an overview of several dominant models in the speech production literature, as well as up-to-date accounts of persistent theoretical issues in the area. A particular focus is on the evaluation of information gleaned from instrumental investigations of the speech production process, including MRI, PET, ultra-sound, video-imaging, EMA, EPG, X-ray, computer simulation - and many others.
The research presented in this volume considers questions such as: the feed-back vs. feed-forward control of speech; the acoustic/auditory vs. articulatory/somato-sensory domains of speech planning; the innateness of human speech; the possible architecture of a speech production model; and the realization of prosodic structure in speech. Leaders in speech research from around the world have contributed their most recent work to this volume.

Cognitive Neuropsychology Twenty Years On: A special issue of the journal Cognitive Neuropsychology

Edited by: Max Coltheart, Alfonso Caramazza

Monograph CoverPublisher:Psychology Press
ISBN : 978-1-84169-972-1
Pub Date: 28/02/2006

The journal Cognitive Neuropsychology began publication in 1984. In 2004 a special symposium was held at the annual European Workshop on Cognitive Neuropsychology at Bressanone to take stock of the developments in cognitive neuropsychology represented by the first twenty volumes of the journal, and this book is the result. In the book, prominent cognitive neuropsychologists provide state-of-the-art overviews of what cognitive neuropsychology has told us about the normal mechanisms of conceptual representation, spoken word production, the comprehension and construction of sentences, reading, spelling, memory, visual attention visual object recognition, and everyday action and planning. Key topics that are covered include computational cognitive neuropsychology, the relationship of cognitive neuropsychology to cognitive neuroscience, modularity, and the current status of such traditional features of cognitive neuropsychology as the rejection of group studies in favour of single case studies and the rejection of the study of syndromes in favour of the study of symptoms.

From Mating to Mentality

Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology
Kim Sterelny, Julie Fitness


Monograph cover picturePublisher: Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841690961
Pub Date: 13 NOV 2003
Type: Hardback Book
Price: £44.95
Extent: 296 pages (Dimensions 153x229 mm)
Proceedings of the Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science Workshop on Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology, a relatively new approach to understanding the origins and workings of the human mind, is currently attracting passionate interest and debate within both academia and the wider lay community. In July 2001 the Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science sponsored an interdisciplinary workshop on evolutionary psychology in conjunction with the Philosophy Program at the Australian National University. The aim of the workshop was to bring together a multidisciplinary group of scholars with interests in different aspects of evolutionary psychology for critical discussion and debate. An outstanding cast of theorists and researchers from a diversity of psychological, philosophical, anthropological and biological backgrounds participated in the conference, and this volume contains some of the most intriguing and important papers to emerge from it. Covering a range of topics, from the evolution of language, theory of mind, and the mentality of apes, through to psychological disorders, human mating strategies and relationship processes, this volume makes a timely and significant contribution to what is fast becoming one of the most prominent and fruitful approaches to understanding the nature and psychology of the human mind.

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Individual Differences in Theory of Mind

Implications for Typical and Atypical Development
Betty Repacholi, Virginia Slaughter


Monograph cover picturePublisher: Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841690937
Pub Date: 09 OCT 2003
Type: Hardback Book
Price: £39.95
Extent: 384 pages (Dimensions 153x229 mm)

Over the last fifteen years, developmentalists, cognitive scientists, philosophers, educators and clinicians have considered the acquisition of a theory of mind - the capacity to predict and explain behavior on the basis of internal, subjective mental states - to be one of the crucial cognitive achievements of early childhood. This volume represents the first collection of work to address, empirically and conceptually, the topic of individual differences in theory of mind. It is also unique because it takes the reader beyond the preschool years, to explore theory of mind development in late childhood and adulthood. This volume brings together a variety of papers that consider the inter-relations between theory of mind and other cognitive and behavioral variables, including the impact of theory of mind on social functioning and social relationships, the role of theory of mind in psychopathologies such as schizophrenia, psychopathy and autism, and the relation between theory of mind and language in typical and atypical populations.

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Masked Priming: The State of the Art

Sachiko Kinoshita, Stephen J. Lupker

Monograph cover picturePublisher: Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841690953
Pub Date: 10 JUL 2003
Type: Hardback Book
Price: £46.95
Extent: 388 pages (Dimensions 153x229 mm)

Masked priming has a short and somewhat controversial history. When used as a tool to study whether semantic processing can occur in the absence of conscious awareness, considerable debate followed, mainly about whether masked priming truly tapped unconscious processes. For research into other components of visual word processing, however - in particular, orthographic, phonological, and morphological - a general consensus about the evidence provided by masked priming results has emerged. This book contains thirteen original chapters in which these three components of visual word processing are examined using the masked priming procedure. The chapters showcase the advantages of masked priming as an alternative to more standard methods of studying language processing that require comparisons of matched items. Based on a recent conference, this book offers up-to-date research findings, and would be valuable to researchers and students of word recognition, psycholinguistics, or reading.

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Rehabilitation of Spoken Word Production in Aphasia

Special Issue of Aphasiology
Edited by: Lyndsey Nickels


Monograph cover picturePublisher: Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841699284
Pub Date: 05 DEC 2002

This volume focuses on the remediation of impairments of word production in aphasia. It is restricted to studies focusing on single word production and comprises papers by some of the researchers most active in this field worldwide. The scope of the papers is broad and includes many relatively under-researched areas and techniques. All the papers have in common a methodological rigour and the use of a single case or case-series approach. A range of treatment tasks are evaluated: 'phonological' tasks such as phonological cueing and word repetition, and judgements regarding the phonological form; 'orthographic' tasks such as orthographic cueing, word reading and writing to dictation; 'semantic' tasks such as semantic cueing; the use of gesture; computer presentation of tasks and even just repeated attempts at naming. In addition, the individuals treated using these techniques varied in the nature of their impairments and/or level of impairment that was targeted. The majority aimed to improve word retrieval generally, but one treatment was aimed specifically at verb retrieval, and another at improving accuracy of word production for an individual with a phonological encoding impairment. Each paper relates the outcome of treatment to theoretical accounts of impairment, and one explicitly uses the results of therapy to inform these theories. Taken together these papers provide a snapshot of the 'state of the art' in the rehabilitation of word production in aphasia.

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Cognitive Neuropsychological Approaches to Spoken Word Production

Special Issue of Aphasiology
Edited by: Lyndsey Nickels


Monograph cover picturePublisher: Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841699268
Pub Date: 02 MAY 2002

The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. The first paper in the volume is an introduction by the editor (Dr Lyndsey Nickels), which reviews the 'state of the art' of the cognitive neuropsychology of spoken word production both in terms of theory and methodology. The individual papers address a range of topical issues including the levels of processing in speech production (Lambon-Ralph, Moriarty, Sage et al.; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp);and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production.

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Routes To Reading Success and Failure

Toward an Integrated Cognitive Psychology of Atypical Reading
Edited by: Nancy E. Jackson, Max Coltheart


Monographs cover picturePublisher:Psychology Press
ISBN : 1841690112
Pub Date: 08 NOV 2001

This new book provides fresh and original perspectives on the nature of individual differences in word and nonword reading. It does so by connecting three literatures that have developed largely in isolation from one another: the literatures on acquired dyslexia, difficulties in learning to read, and precocious reading. Jackson, a developmental psychologist, reconsiders her own and other recent studies of the cognitive psychology of precocious reading and hyperlexia. Coltheart, a cognitive neuropsychologist, draws on his own and others' studies of adults with acquired dyslexias. These literatures and studies of both developmental dyslexia and "garden variety" poor reading in children are examined to show how careful attention to methodological and conceptual issues can highlight similarities and differences across these diverse groups of readers.
Central to the authors' analysis is their argument for a distinction between proximal and distal causes of atypical reading. Proximal causes are cognitive explanations are the level of an individual's current reading system. Distal causes, which are likely to be less consistent across groups, include biological mechanisms and reading experiences. The authors analyses of proximal causes of atypical reading are presented in the context of Coltheart's dual-route cascaded (DRC) model of word and nonword reading. Routes to Reading Success and Failure will be of interest to a broad range of readers concerned with reading and its difficulties in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, child development, and education.

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